NDM Midsemester Exam 2007

1

Select the one statement below that is CORRECT with respect to nutrition.


2

Select the one statement below that is INCORRECT with respect to nutrition.


3

Select the one statement below that is CORRECT with respect to nutrition.


4

Select the one statement below that is CORRECT with respect to nutrition.


5

Select the one statement below that is CORRECT with respect to nutrition.


6

The immediate precursor of 3-phosphoglycerate in the glycolytic pathway is:


7

Select the one CORRECT statement about metabolism.


8

Select the one CORRECT statement about metabolism.


9

Select the one CORRECT summary of an event that occurs at respiratory complex I in the inner mitochondrial membrane (ignore chemical balance):


10

Which of the following statements about the body's metabolic response after three days of starvation is CORRECT?


11

Which of the following statements about insulin and its antagonists is CORRECT?


12

Wasting of skeletal muscle due to degradation of protein can occur under conditions such as prolonged inactivity, recovery from surgery and renal disease. Which one of the following statements about the catabolism of skeletal muscle protein is CORRECT?


13

The liver occupies a central role in metabolism and interacts via the bloodstream with the metabolism of extrahepatic tissues. Which one of the following correctly describes such an interaction?


14

Concerning the lipoproteins that transport lipids in the bloodstream, which one of the following statements is CORRECT?


15

Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a type of dyslipidaemia. Which one of the following statements about FH is correct?


16

Select the one statement that is NOT CORRECT about muscle contraction.


17

Select the one statement that is NOT CORRECT about muscle contraction.


18

A major metabolic adaptation to exercise for sustaining the same power output after a period of endurance exercise training is:


19

Skeletal muscle contributes significantly to whole body insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. An important intramuscular characteristic related to this insulin resistance is:


20

The medial borders of the rectus abdominus muscles are separated by:


21

The floor of the inguinal canal is formed by the:


22

The main pancreatic duct opens into:


23

Which one of the following statements regarding the Islets of Langerhans is NOT CORRECT?


24

Which one of the following statements is CORRECT about ghrelin?


25

Which one of the following statements about insulin resistance is NOT CORRECT?


26

Which of the conditions below does not correctly complete the following statement? Compared to the general population, patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus have an increased risk of developing:


27

Indicate the one statement below that is NOT CORRECT.


28

Which of the following statements about obesity is (are) CORRECT? A) The prevalence of obesity in Australia has risen from 1980 to today. B) Twin studies suggest that 70% of the variance in body weight is genetically determined. C) Obesity in Prader-Willi syndrome is associated with hyperphagia and mental retardation. D) Leptin deficiency is more common that leptin resistance as a cause of obesity.


29

Which of the following statements related to gastrin is (are) CORRECT? A) Gastrin increases gastro-oesophageal sphincter tone. B) Gastrin stimulates histamine release. C) Gastrin increases pyloric tone. D) Gastrin decreases gastro-oesophageal sphincter tone.


30

Which of the following statements related to peptic ulceration is (are) CORRECT? A) Normal gastric mucosa is relatively impermeable to protons. B) Bicarbonate is secreted by gastric mucosal cells. C) Most peptic ulcers can be healed by inhibiting acid secretion. D) Mucus secretion helps protect the gastric mucosa from acid damage.5