NDM Midsemester Exam 2005

1

Which ONE of the following statements regarding the deep (internal) inguinal ring is CORRECT?


2

Patients with acute appendicitis typically complain of vague, diffuse and colicky central abdominal pain prior to the pain becoming constant and localized in the right iliac fossa. The vague and diffuse nature of the initial (central abdominal) pain is because:


3

As exercise intensity approaches maximal oxygen uptake, the predominant substrate for oxidative energy metabolism is:


4

Wernicke’s Encephalopathy is a diet-related condition that can include which one of the following as a presenting symptom:


5

If a 70kg young woman has Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) = 6.6 MJ per day and a same weight male has BMR = 7.9 MJ, a credible explanation is that:


6

Select the one CORRECT statement about diet and nutrition.


7

Select the one CORRECT statement about fat release from adipose tissue.


8

Select the one CORRECT statement about the following reaction. [PICTURE HERE]


9

Select the one summary of glycolysis that is CORRECT (ignoring the participation of water and H+).


10

Select the one CORRECT statement about the F1Fo protein complex in mitochondrial membranes.


11

Which of the following statements about arachidonic acid metabolism is CORRECT?


12

Select the one CORRECT statement with respect to Type I diabetes.


13

Which one of the following is NOT a product of the Islets of Langerhans?


14

Which of the following statements is NOT CORRECT?


15

Which one of the following statements is CORRECT?


16

Urinalysis of a subject three weeks after the start of a hunger strike showed the presence of ketones (ketone bodies). Which of the following statements about the metabolism and function of the ketones bodies in this subject is NOT CORRECT?


17

Which of the following statements about the action and effects of insulin is CORRECT?


18

Which of the following statements about protein as a source of energy is CORRECT?


19

Which one of the following statements about the metabolism of HDL is NOT CORRECT?


20

Which of the following statements about smooth muscle structure and function is NOT CORRECT?


21

Which is NOT CORRECT of the enteric nervous system?


22

Which of the following statements related to gastrin is/are CORRECT? A) Gastrin acts on oxyntic (parietal) cell to increase H+ secretion. B) Gastrin receptors are present on the oxyntic (parietal) cell. C) Gastrin decreases tone of gastro oesophagal sphincter. D) Gastrin receptors are present on the gastric gland endocrine cell.


23

Which of the following statements related to acid secretion by the gastric gland is/are CORRECT? A) Acid secretion is increased by gastric mucosa breakdown. B) Acid secretion is mainly controlled by the gastric gland endocrine cell. C) Acid secretion is increased by gastrin. D) The effect on acid secretion of acetyl choline and histamine is additive.


24

Which of the following statements related to digestion of food is/are CORRECT? A) Carboxypeptidase is an exopeptidase. B) Pepsinogen is activated by a low pH. C) Pepsin is an endopeptidase. D) Trypsinogen is activated by a high pH.


25

Which of the following statements related to sodium and water absorption by the small intestine is/are CORRECT? A) A high pH stimulates sodium and water absorption. B) Sodium absorption is decreased by increased levels of cyclic GMP. C) Sodium absorption proceeds by Na+-H+ countertransport. D) Cholera toxin increases cyclic AMP in intestinal cells.