NDM Midsemester Exam 2008

1

In human metabolism, as measured in an Atwater Chamber, which of the following statements is CORRECT?


2

In reviewing human history, diet and anatomical characteristics, which one of the following statements is the best response?


3

Willett and Stampfer created a pyramid in 2003 that is generally considered to be the best summary of current dietary recommendations. Which of the following was NOT a recommendation by Willett and Stampfer?


4

In respect to vitamins which of the following statements is CORRECT?


5

In respect to glycogen and related metabolism which of the following statements is CORRECT?


6

In respect to the Krebs Cycle which of the following statements is CORRECT?


7

In respect to aspects of fat metabolism which of the following statements is CORRECT?


8

In respect to adiponectin which of the following statements is CORRECT?


9

The internal (deep) inguinal ring is a deficiency in which of the following structures?


10

The anterior compartment of the thoracolumbar fascia encloses which of the following structures?


11

The accessory pancreatic duct drains into:


12

Which of these statements concerning control of water and electrolyte secretion through the Enteric Nervous System is NOT CORRECT?


13

Which one of the following statements concerning type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) is NOT CORRECT?


14

During exercise at ~75% of maximal aerobic capacity the major fuel for contracting skeletal muscle is:


15

Visceral obesity is associated with an increased risk of metabolic disease. An important intramuscular characteristic related to a lower accumulation of visceral fat is:


16

As starvation progresses from day 1 to day 4, which of the following would certainly NOT be observed?


17

Which of the following statements about the metabolism of ketone bodies is CORRECT?


18

Which of the following statements about the insulin antagonists adrenaline, glucagon and cortisol is CORRECT?


19

Which of the following statements about the metabolic interaction between the liver and extrahepatic tissues is CORRECT?


20

Which of the following statements about LDL metabolism is CORRECT?


21

With regard to smooth muscle structure or function, which of the following is NOT CORRECT?


22

Which of the following is NOT an action of GLP-1?


23

Which of the following statements about aMSH is NOT correct?


24

Which of the following statements is NOT CORRECT about anorexia nervosa?


25

Which of the following statements regarding eicosanoids is/are CORRECT? A) Preformed PGD2 is stored in the granules of mast cells. B) Prostaglandins produce their biological activities through activation of G-protein coupled receptors. C) Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) is a potent vasodilator. D) Prostaglandins can be synthesised by most cells.


26

Which of the following statements related to gastrin is/are CORRECT? A) Gastrin increases pepsinogen secretion. B) Gastrin acts on oxyntic (parietal) cell to increase H+ secretion. C) Gastrin decreases tone of gastro-oesophageal sphincter. D) Gastrin receptors are present on the oxyntic (parietal) cell.


27

Which of the following statements related to gastric acid secretion is/are CORRECT? A) The effects on acid secretion of acetyl choline and gastrin are additive. B) The effects on acid secretion of histamine and gastrin are additive. C) The effects on acid secretion of acetyl choline and histamine are additive. D) Acid secretion is inhibited by sodium bicarbonate.


28

Which of the following statements related to peptic ulceration is/are CORRECT? A) Histamine increases acid secretion by a direct effect on the peptic cell. B) The use of proton pump inhibitors is the most effective way to block acid secretion. C) Gastrin increases acid secretion by a direct effect on the oxyntic (parietal)cell. D) Most peptic ulcers can be healed by inhibiting acid secretion.


29

Which of the following statements related to the absorption of food is/are CORRECT? A) The lower pH of the unstirred layer is critical for the absorption of complex lipids. B) Bile salts are essential for micelle formation. C) Fatty acids allow emulsification of lipids (fats). D) Chylomicron formation depends upon bile salts.


30

Which of the following statements related to the pancreas and its secretion is/are CORRECT? A) Pancreatic acinar cell secretions are stimulated by vagal activity. B) a amylase digests starches to disaccharides. C) Pancreatic duct cell secretions are stimulated by secretin. D) Insulin is secreted from a cells of the pancreas.