NDM Midsemester Exam 2006

1

Which one of the following statements is best supported by evidence?


2

Juvenile obesity has a number of commonly observed symptoms characteristic of the condition. Which one of the following symptoms is most likely to be UNRELATED to juvenile obesity?


3

Which one of the following statements relating to glucose is CORRECT?


4

Which one of the following statements relating to nutrient uptake by the human intestine is CORRECT?


5

Which one of the following statements relating to protein turnover in humans is CORRECT?


6

Which one of the following statements relating to vitamins in human nutrition is CORRECT?


7

Which one of the following is capable of creating significant amounts of ATP from ADP in a test tube when relevant enzymes and cofactors are supplied?


8

Which one of the following statements relating to pyruvate metabolism is CORRECT?


9

Which one of the following statements relating to cAMP in human adipose cell metabolism is CORRECT?


10

Which one of the following statements relating to leptin in mammalian metabolism is CORRECT?


11

Which one of the following statements regarding arachidonic acid metabolites is CORRECT?


12

The major source of ATP during a 30-second "all-out", high intensity exercise bout is:


13

Regular physical exercise can enhance insulin action and may benefit individuals with type 2 diabetes. One crucial skeletal muscle adaptation contributing to improved insulin action is:


14

Which one of the following statements relating to a possible action of Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP-1) is NOT CORRECT?


15

Which of the following neurotransmitters is NOT involved in the “pleasure” pathways related to feeding?


16

Which one of the following statements is CORRECT?


17

Above the level of the umbilicus the anterior layer of the rectus sheath is:


18

A bodybuilder presents with a right indirect inguinal hernia. At surgery, the surgeon identifies a piece of small bowel traversing the length of the inguinal canal and entering the scrotum. The surgeon reduces the hernia and repairs the stretched internal (deep) inguinal ring. The internal (deep) inguinal ring is a deficiency in the:


19

On the posterior abdominal wall:


20

Which one of the following statements about metabolic responses to prolonged starvation is CORRECT?


21

Which one of the following statements about insulin is CORRECT?


22

Which of the following statements about the body's handling of nitrogen from protein breakdown is CORRECT?


23

Concerning metabolic interaction between tissues, which of the following statements is CORRECT?


24

Regarding lipoprotein metabolism, which of the following statements is CORRECT?


25

Regarding dyslipidaemia, which of the following statements is CORRECT?


26

Which of the following is CORRECT?


27

Select the one CORRECT statement with respect to type 1 diabetes.


28

Which of the following statements related to gastrin is (are) CORRECT? A) Gastrin release is stimulated by products of protein breakdown. B) Gastrin acts on oxyntic (parietal) cell to increase H+ secretion. C) Gastrin release is stimulated by vagal activity. D) A pH of < 3 in gastric antrum increases gastrin secretion.


29

Which of the following statements related to acid secretion by the gastric gland is (are) CORRECT? A) Acid secretion is stimulated by a pH of < 3.5 in the antrum. B) Acid secretion is inhibited by sodium bicarbonate. C) Acid secretion after a meal is stimulated by secretin. D) Acid secretion is stimulated by H2 receptor agonists.


30

Which of the following statements related to peptic ulceration is (are) CORRECT? A) Most peptic ulcers can be cured by inhibiting acid secretion. B) Aspiration of gastric juice will lead to hypokalaemia. C) H2 receptor blockers are the most effective way to block acid secretion. D) Aspiration of gastric juice will lead to a metabolic alkalosis.