NDM Trefor Morgan Renal Questions

1

Which is most closely associated with the lowest K+ concentration in filtrate?


2

Which has the lowest Na+ concentration in filtrate?


3

Which is most closely associated with changes im permeability to water?


4

Which is least permeable to urea?


5

Which is most closely associated with the active W secretion.


6

Which has a transepithelial positive PD?


7

Which has a transepithelial negative PD?


8

Which has the most most K+ reabsorption?


9

Which mediates 70% of Na+ absorption?


10

Which has the highest urea concentration?


11

Which has the highest hydrostatic pressure?


12

All of the following statements related to glomerular filtrate are correct except for:


13

All of the following statements related to glomerular filtration are correct except for:


14

All of the following statements related to glomerular filtration are correct except for:


15

All of the following statements related to glomerular filtration are correct except for:


16

Which one of the following statements related to the glomerulus and glomerular filtration is most accurate?


17

All of the following statements related to proximal tubule reabsorption are correct except for:


18

All of the following statements related to proximal tubule reabsorption are correct except for:


19

All of the following statements related to proximal tubule reabsorption are correct except for:


20

All of the following statements related to proximal tubule reabsorption are correct except for:


21

All or the following statements related to the thick ascending limb of the Loop of Henle are correct except for:


22

All of the following statements related to absorption from the thick ascending limb or the Loop of Henle are correct except for:


23

All of the following statements related to absorption from the thick ascending limb or the Loop of Henle are correct except for:


24

All of the following statements related to the macula densa and tubuloglomerular (TG) feedback are correct except for:


25

All of the following statements related to the juxta-glomerular apparatus and tubuloglomerular feedback are correct except for:


26

Which one of the following statements related to the macula densa, juxtaglomerular apparatus and tubuloglomerular feedmack is most accurate?


27

All of the following statements related to the cortical diluting segment of the distal nephron are correct except for:


28

All ofthe following statements related to he cortical diluting semgnet of the distal nephron are correct except for:


29

ll of the following statements related to transport in the collecting tubule or collecting duct are correct except for:


30

All of the following statements related to transport in te collecting tubule or collecting duct are correct except for:


31

All of the following statements related to transport in the collecting tubule or collecting duct are correct except for:


32

All of the following statements related to transport in the collecting tubule or collecting duct are correct except for:


33

Which one of the following statements related to transport in the collecting tubule or collecting duct is most accurate?


34

AL of the following statements related to vasopressin (ADH) are correct except for:


35

All of the following statements related to vasopressin (ADH) are correct except for:


36

All of the following statements related to vasopressin action in the kidney (ADH) are correct except for:


37

All of the following statements related to the concentrating diluting mechanism of the kidneys are correct except for:


38

All of the following statements related to water balance and theconcentrating diluting mechansm are correct except for:


39

All o the following statements related to acid-base balance are correct except for:


40

All of the following statements related to acid-base balance and its control are correct except for:


41

all of the following statements related to acid-base balance and its control are correct except for:


42

All of he following statements related to acid-base balance and its control by the kidney are correct except for:


43

All of the following statements related to plasma volume and its regulation are correct except for:


44

ll of the following statements related to plasma volume, its composition and regulation are correct except for:


45

All of the following statements related to low plasma volume are correct except for:


46

All of the following statements related to aldosterone synthesis and secretion are correct except for:


47

All of the following statements related to aldosterone action are correct except for:


48

All of the fllowing statements related to aldosterone secretion and action are correct except for:


49

All of the following statemenst related to aldosterone synthesis secretion and action are correct except for:


50

All of the following statements related to the renin-angiotensin systems are correct except for:


51

All of the following statements related to angiotensin II (AII) systems are correct except for:


52

All the following statements to renal function clearance are correct except for:


53

A person aged 18, weight 65kg, has the following values estimated: plasma creatinine 0.10mmol/L; plasma urea 5.0 mmol/L. In 1 hour the amount of creatinine excreted in the urine was 0.72mmol and the amount of urea excreted was 18mmol. Which one of the following statements related to this person's renal function is most accurate?


54

Questions 54 to 59 refer to the following case. A person aged 48, weight 70kg, has the following values measured in their plasma and urine. An infusion of PAH and inulin has been given to achieve constant blood levels. 100mL of urine was collected over 2 hours. The patient's haematocrit is 40%.

Plasma concentrationUrine concentration
Creatinine0.10 mmol/L10.8 mmol/L
Urea4 mmol/L240 mmol/L
PAH0.05 mmol/L30 mmol/L
Inulin0.05 mmol/L6 mmol/L
Drug A1 umol/L360 umol/L
Drug B10 umol/L120 umol/L
All of the following statements related to clearance in this patient are correct except for:


55

This question relates to the patient described in Q54. Which one of the following statments related to this person's renal function is most correct?


56

This question relates to the patient described in Q54. Which one of the following statements related to the percentage of the water in the glomerular filtrate that is reabsorbed is most accurate?


57

This question relates to the patient described in Q54. All of the following statements related to this patient are correct except for:


58

This question relates to the patient described in Q54. All of the following statements related to this patient are correct except for:


59

THis question relates to the patient described in Q54. All of the following statements related to the two drugs could be correct except for: