HP5 MSE 3 2011
Which one of the following is NOT a Millennium Development Goal?
To halve world poverty by 2015
To achieve universal primary education
To reduce child mortality by two-thirds
To reduce maternal mortality by three-quarters
To halve new cases of HIV/AIDS
Which one of the following is NOT basic clinical service in developing world heath care?
Short course chemotherapy for tuberculosis
Management of cardiovascular disease
Limited care of common conditions
The epidemic curve of a particular disease spans 6 incubation periods of the disease. Which one of the following is inconsistent with this finding?
The outbreak was a point-source outbreak associated with a food-borne toxin
The disease was transmitted from person-to-person
The outbreak was a continuing-source food-borne outbreak
The outbreak was due to a vector-borne disease
Public health interventions curtailed the outbreak
Which one of the following methods is most often used in epidemiological studies of infectious disease outbreaks?
Prospective cohort study
Retrospective cohort study
In a population with a very high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, which one of the following factors is the most important contributor to high rates of tuberculosis disease in such settings?
The many deaths from tuberculosis
The difficulty of diagnosing tuberculosis cases
The high proportion of tuberculosis infections that eventually progress to disease
The adverse effects from tuberculosis medication experienced by severely ill persons
Cases infected with multiple drug-resistant M. tuberculosis which respond poorly to conventional therapy
Which one of the following factors is most likely to favour the eradication of an infectious disease of humans?
The pathogen causes chronic human infections
Chronic illness is obvious and distinctive
Animals may be infected
The available vaccine has poor efficacy if subjected to high environmental temperatures
The causative organism can survive in the natural environment
The following steps are all important elements in a typical outbreak investigation conducted by a State Health Department:
Analyse data by time, place, and person\n
Conduct a case-control study\n
Conduct active surveillance for additional cases\n
Verify the diagnosis\n
Confirm that the number of cases exceeds the expected number\n
Define the roles (investigators, laboratory support, press liaison etc.) of persons involved in the investigation\n\n In what order should the activities listed above be conducted?