HP4 Lecture 2


Which of the following is NOT an essential component of a patient's mental representation of a condition?

  How the condition affects the patient's life

  Whether condition can be cured

  The timeline of the condition

  Preconcieved notions about the condition

  The patient's willingness to adhere to treatment


A patient is diagnosed with anxious adjustment disorder. They are most likely to have had:

  persistent anxiety in a variety of situations

  onset of symptoms 6 weeks after an initial stressor

  intense anxiety provoked by a specific object

  repeated emergency medical presentations

  disruption to everyday functioning


Which of the following would be LEAST likely to affect a patient's perceptions about their illness?

  The patient's ability to manage the illness

  Statistical facts relating to the illness

  The patient's physical experience of the illness

  Family and societal perceptions of the illness

  Experience with family members who have had the illness


Ivan Pavlov demonstrated the concept of classical conditioning in a 1972 experiment in which dog's were conditioned to salivate in response to sound of a bell. At the START of the experiment, which of the following was true?

  The smell of food was the conditioned stimulus.

  Salivation was the conditioned response.

  Salivation was the unconditioned stimulus.

  The bell was the neutral stimulus.

  None of the above.


Again regarding the Ivan Pavlov's 1972 experiment, which of the following was NOT true at the END of the experiment?

  The bell was the conditioned stimulus.

  The smell of food was the unconditioned stimulus.

  The bell was the neutral stimulus.

  Salivation was both a conditioned and unconditioned response, depending on the stimulus.

  Systematic desensitisation would have aimed to decouple the conditioned response (salivation) from the conditioned stimulus (bell).


Which of the following regarding anxiety is INCORRECT?

  Avoidant behaviours increase anxiety over time

  Anxiety can be adaptive

  Degree of disability is increased by avoidant behaviour

  All anxiety is associated with the 'fight or flight' response of the ANS

  Systematic desensitisation is most effective for the treatment of panic disorders


Long term and regular Progressive Muscle Relaxation Training (PMRT) will:

  decrease patient's sense of control over their illness

  decrease the effects of tranquilising drug treatments

  decrease generalised anxiety

  have no effect on anticipatory anxiety related to phobia

  target the cognitive domain of patient functioning


Which of the following statements about anxiety management is INCORRECT:

  Behavioural treatments generally target specific domains of patient functioning.

  Routine treatment involves giving reassurance and comprehensive information to patients.

  Drug treatments target the affective domain of patient functioning.

  Thought distraction can be effective during a procedure.

  Drug treatments are generally most effective in isolation to behavioural treatments.