CSGD SSSM Anatomy Practice Quiz

1

What does the ventral rami become laterally (generally) ?


  internal intercostal nerve

  external intercostal nerve

  dorsal rami

  lateral cutaneous nerve

2

Which of the following statements regarding the ventral rami is INCORRECT?


  The nerve supplies for the limbs bud off from the ventral rami

  It gives rise directly to the sciatic nerve

  The lateral cutaneous branch forms laterally in the centre

  The terminal branch is called the anterior cutaneous branch

3

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?


  The C5-T1 roots typically form the brachial plexus

  What is it called if the roots are displaced by one segment up? C4-C8 prefix

  What is it called if the roots are displaced by one segment down? C6-T2 postfix.

  The C5-T1 nerve roots supply the skin on the face and scalp.

4

Which is the correct order of the segments of the branchial plexus?


  roots, divisions, trunks, cords, branches.

  roots, trunks, branches, divisions, cords.

  roots, trunks, cords, divisions, branches.

  roots, trunks, divisions, cords, branches.

5

What do the anterior divisions of the brachial plexus supply?


  Flexor muscles and overlying skin.

  Extensor muscles and overlying skin.

  Flexor muscles only.

  Extensor muscles only.

6

What do the posterior divisions of the brachial plexus control?


  Extensor muscles only.

  Flexor muscles and overlying skin.

  Extensor muscles and overlying skin.

  Flexor muscles only.

7

Which is not one of the trunks of the brachial plexus?


  Superior

  Middle

  Lateral

  Inferior

8

Which is not one of the cords of the brachial plexus?


  Lateral

  Anterior

  Posterior

  Medial

9

What are the cords of the brachial plexus named relative to?


  Brachial artery

  Brachial vein

  Axillary artery

  Axillary vein

10

Which parts of the brachial plexus are supraclavicular?


  Cords and branches

  Roots and trunks

  Trunks and divisions

  Divisions and cords

11

Which part of the brachial plexus lie posterior to the clavicle ?


  Roots

  Trunks

  Divisions

  Cords

12

Which parts of the brachial plexus are infraclavicular?


  Cords and branches

  Roots and trunks

  Trunks and divisions

  Divisions and cords

13

Which is not an anatomical structure formed by the facial skeleton?


  Orbits

  Temporal bone

  Nasal cavity

  Lower jaw

14

What is the name of the spongy bone between the compact outer and inner plates of the cranium?


  Gubernaculum

  Diploë

  Epoöphoron

  Dura

15

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?


  The coronal suture is the weakest anatomical location of the cranium.

  An immobile joint between the bones of the cranium is called a cranial suture.

  The overall shape of the cranial sutures is in the shape of an H (on its side).

  The place where the frontal, parietal and temporal bones join is called the pterion.

16

Trauma to the pterions may result in an epidural haematoma (medical emergency!) due to rupture of the vessel lying directly underneath. Which vessel usually involved in this scenario?


  Superficial branch of the anterior meningeal artery

  Anterior branch of the middle meningeal artery

  Superficial branch of the middle meningeal artery?

  Anterior branch of the middle cerebral artery

17

Which suture is not visible from a superior view of the skull?


  Coronal

  Temporozygomatic

  Saggital

  Lambdoid

18

Which of the following statements is incorect?


  The coronal suture joins the frontal and parietal bones

  The temporozygomatic suture joins the temporal and zygomatic bones

  The sagittal suture joins the parietal and sphenoid bones

  The lambdoid suture joins the parietal and occipital

19

What are the two sections of the frontal bone called?


  vertical plate and horizontal plate

  vertical plate and transverse plate

  longitudinal plate and transverse plate

  longitudinal plate and horizontal plate

20

Where do the two sections of the frontal bone join?


  Supraorbital margin

  Coronal suture

  Inferior to the nasal bone

  Lateral to the zygomatic processes

21

The temporal bone is complex, and has six main parts? Which of the following is not one of them?


  Squamous process

  Zygomatic process

  Pteriod process

  Mastoid process

22

Which of the following statements regarding the parietal bone is INCORRECT?


  The parietal bones are flat, rectangular and moulded to the contour of the brain.

  The tympanic part of the parietal bone contains the auditory meatus.

  The styloid process of the temporal bone contains air cells.

  The function of the styloid process is to act as an anchor for a number of mucles.

23

Which of the following statements about cerebral blood flow is INCORRECT?


  Auto regulation of cerebral blood flow is used to maintain adequate perfusion.

  In healthy individuals, cerebral blood flow usually remains constant even when MAP varies from 70 to 150 mmHg.

  The cerebral blood pressure is usually higher than systemic blood pressure.

  The circle of Willis is made up of the vertebro-basilar system and internal carotid arteries.

24

Which of the following statements about the vertebral arteries is INCORRECT?


  The vertebral arteries arise from the subclavian arteries.

  The vertebral arteries join to form the basilar arteries.

  The vertebral arteries travel in the vertebral foramina.

  The vertebral arteries enter the skull via the foramen magnum.

25

Which of the following is a branch of the basilar artery?


  Posterior inferior cerebellar artery

  Anterior inferior cerebellar artery

  Common cerebellar artery

  Internal carotid artery

26

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?


  The two main branches of the basilar arteries are the anterior inferior cerebellar artery and the superior cerebellar artery.

  The basilar artery bifurcates and forms the two anterior cerebral arteries

  At the circle of Willis, the internal carotid artery becomes the middle cerebral arteries

  The posterior inferior cerebellar artery branches off the vertebral arteries before they join.

27

What are the communication arteries in the circle of Willis?


  One anterior communicating artery and two posterior communicating arteries.

  One posterior communicating artery and two anterior communicating arteries.

  One posterior communicating artery and one anterior communicating artery.

  Two posterior communicating arteries and two anterior communicating arteries

28

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?


  The internal carotid artery enters the skull through the carotid canal.

  The anterior cerebral artery supplies the lateral part of the frontal and parietal lobes.

  The anterior cerebral artery runs along the longitudinal fissues, arches over the corpus callosum.

  The anterior cerebral artery terminates at the parietoccipital sulcus

29

Which of the following statements about the middle cerebral artery is INCORRECT?


  The middle cerebral artery initially runs along the lateral sulcus.

  The middle cerebral artery supplies the lateral surface of the brain, frontal occipital and parietal lobes.

  The middle cerebral artery does not supply the insular cortex.

  The middle cerebral artery does not supply the sensory and motor cortex for the lower limbs, language and parieto-occipital association areas.

30

Which area does the posterior cerebral artery NOT supply ?


  Medial surface of the occipital lobe

  Medial surface of the temporal lobe.

  Superior surface of the occipital lobe.

  Inferior surface of occipital and temporal lobe.

31

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?


  The lenticulostriate arteries supply the basal ganglia and the internal capsule.

  The lenticulostriate arteries branch from the middle cerebral arteries.

  The blood supply of the pons with blood are the perforating branches of the basilar artery.

  Vision is unlikely to be affected is the posterior cerebral artery is occluded.

32

Which brain structures does the circle of Willis NOT encircle?


  Mammillary bodies

  Corpus callosum

  Pituitary

  Optic chiasm

33

Which of the following statements about the nose is INCORRECT?


  Rhinorrhoea is the term used to descrive CSF leakage from the nose (usually following trauma).

  Hairy skin lines the nasal vestibule.

  Another name for the nostrils is ‘nares’.

  The nasal septum is a bony prominence of the nasal bone.

34

Which is of the following arteries does NOT supply nasal cavity?


  Sphenopalatine artery

  Common carotid artery

  Medial lateral nasal branch of facial artery

  Greater palatine artery

35

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?


  What lines the medial wall of the nasal cavity is lined by the vascular mucous membrane.

  The septal cartilage, ethmoid bone and vomer form the wall of the nasal cavity

  The nasal cavity is bound anteriorly and posteriorly by the nares and choanae, respectively.

  The nasal conchae are made of cartilage.

36

The space under the nasal conchae is called a meatus? Which of the following is not a nasal meatus?


  Supranasal meatus

  Superior meatus

  Middle meatus

  Inferior meatus

37

Little’s area is a collection of blood vessels which are often responsible for profuse epistaxis. Which vessel DOES NOT supply the anastamoses in this area?


  Sphenopalatine artery

  Greater palatine artery

  Anterior ethmoid artery

  Inferior labial artery

38

Which of the following paranasal sinuses does NOT open into the middle meatus?


  Ethmoid sinus

  Frontal sinus

  Sphenoid sinus

  Maxillary sinus

39

Which sinus in the nasal cavity is NOT innervated by CNV1?


  Ethmoid sinus

  Frontal sinus

  Sphenoid sinus

  Maxillary sinus

40

Which muscle protracts the tongue?


  Genioglossus

  Styloglossus

  Hyloglossus

  Palatoglossus

41

Which muscles retracts the tongue?


  Genioglossus

  Styloglossus

  Hyloglossus

  Palatoglossus

42

Which sinuses open into the inferior meatus?


  Nasolacrimal sinus

  Posterior ethmoid sinus

  Maxillary sinus

  Sphenoid sinus

43

Which of the following statements regarding the sacroiliac joint is INCORRECT?


  The sacroiliac joint is a synovial joint.

  The sacroiliac joint has anterior and posterior sacroiliac ligaments.

  The sacroiliac joint pain is a common site of osteoarthritis.

  The sacroiliac joint has an interosseus ligament.

44

What anatomical landmark demarkates the true pelvis from the false pelvis?


  Pelvic inlet

  Pelvic outlet

  Sacroiliac joint

  Anterior superior iliac spine

45

What anatomical landmark demarkates the inferior border of the pelvis?


  Pelvic inlet

  Pelvic outlet

  Sacroiliac joint

  Anterior superior iliac spine

46

Which of the following is NOT one of the borders of the pelvic outlet?


  Posterior superior iliac spine

  Pubic symphysis

  Tip of coccyx

  Ishial tuberosities

47

Which muscle forms the lateral wall of the pelvis?


  Pubococcygeus muscle

  Illiococcygeus muscle

  Obturator internus

  Piriformis

48

Which of the following statements about obturator internus is INCORRECT?


  Obturator internus arises from the obturator membrane and the bony margin of the obturator foramen.

  Obturator internus exits the pelvis via the lesser sciatic foramen.

  Obturator internus is situated partly within the lesser pelvis, and partly at the back of the hip-joint.

  Obturator internus is the primary adductor of the thigh.

49

Which of the following statements about piriformis is INCORRECT?


  Piriformis arises from the anterior pelvic wall.

  Piriformis attaches to the middle 3 parts of the sacrum

  Piriformis exists via the greater sciatic foramen

  Piriformis inserts on the greater trochanter of the femur

50

Which of the following statements about levator ani is INCORRECT?


  Levator ani runs anterolaterally halfway down the body of pubis, runs on obturator internus (bisecting it) then to the ischial spine.

  Levator ani attaches posteriorly to the sacrum and medially to the anococcygeal raphae.

  The three parts of levator ani are: pubococcygeus, iliococcygeus and ishiococcygeus.

  The pudendal nerve is the sole nerve supply to levator ani.

51

Which of the following statements about pubococcygeus is INCORRECT?


  The thick V-shaped part of pubococcygeus is called puborectalis.

  Contraction of pubococcygeus raises the pelvic floor and increases intra- abdominal pressure.

  The fibres of pubococcygeus blend with the deep part of the external anal sphincter at the anorectal junction.

  Pubococcygeus is important for fecal continence.

52

What structure does iliococcygeus arise from?


  The fascia over obturator internus.

  The medial part of obturator externus.

  The anococcygeal raphe.

  The external anal sphincter.

53

What statement is CORRECT about the sphinceters in the perineum?


  The internal sphincter is a skeletal muscle sphincter.

  The external sphincter is a skeletal muscle sphincter.

  The intermediate sphincter is a smooth muscle sphincter.

  There are three sphincters responsible for controlling fecal continence.

54

How many branches are there in the lumbar plexus?


  3

  4

  5

  6

55

Which statement is incorrect?


  The lumbar plexus can't be identified anatomically as it is completely contained in psoas

  The lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh and femoral nerve emerge from the lateral border of psoas

  The lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh runs more medial than the femoral nerve under the inguinal ligament

  The lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh runs on iliacus

56

Which answer is correct?


  The genetofemoral nerve emerges on the medial aspect of psoas and the obturator nerve runs along the anterior aspect of psoas

  The genetofemoral nerve emerges on the medial aspect of psoas and the obturator nerve runs along the medial aspect of psoas

  The genetofemoral nerve emerges on the anterior aspect of psoas and the obturator nerve runs along the anterior aspect of psoas

  The genetofemoral nerve emerges on the anterior aspect of psoas and the obturator nerve runs along the medial aspect of psoas

57

Which statement is not correct?


  The lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh supplies the lateral skin on the thigh

  The lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh originates from L2 and L3

  The femoral nerve runs between psoas and iliacus

  The femoral nerve supplies the anterior compartment of thigh with anterior division fibres

58

Which muscle is not supplied by the obturator nerve?


  sartorius

  adductor longus

  adductor magnus

  adductor brevis

59

Which muscles is not supplied by the femoral nerve?


  sartorius

  gracilis

  pectoneus

  quads

60

Which answer is incorrect answer?


  The deep peroneal nerve supplies the anterior comparment of the leg.

  The superficial peroneal nerve supplies lateral compartment of the leg and dorsum of the foot

  The common peroneal nerve is supplied by roots L4, L5, S1 and S2

  The common peroneal nerve has posterior and anterior division fibres

61

Which bone is not part of the medial wall of the orbit?


  maxilla

  lacrimal bone

  ethmoid

  greater wing of sphenoid

62

Which statement is incorrect?


  The surface area ratio of sclera:cornea is 5:1

  The sclera and cornea are they continuous with each other

  What fibres is the stroma of the cornea are made from collagen fibrils

  The fibres of the stroma of the cornea have a random arrangement

63

Which statement is not correct?


  The limbus is the region where the cornea meets the sclera

  The junction of the iris and the cornea is called anterior chamber angle

  Aqueous humour enters the eye at the anterior chamber angle

  The pressure of the aqueous humour maintains the shape of the eyeball

64

What is not parts of the ciliary body?


  ciliary epithelium

  ciliary muscle

  ciliary processes

  ciliary ganglion

65

What generates most of the aqueous humour?


  ciliary epithelium

  ciliary muscle

  ciliary processes

  ciliary ganglion

66

Which answer is correct?


  The ciliary muscle is smooth and acts as a sphincter

  The ciliary muscle is skeletal and acts as a sphincter

  The ciliary muscle is smooth and acts as a dilator

  The ciliary muscle is skeletal and acts as a dilator

67

When the ciliary muscle contracts


  the lens becomes thinner for near focus

  the lens becomes thinner for far focus

  the lens becomes thicker for near focus

  the lens becomes thicker for far focus

68

Which statement is correct


  sphincer pupillae has parasympathetic innervation and is the inner muscle in the iris

  dilator pupillae has sympathetic innervation and is the inner muscle in the iris

  sphincer pupillae has sympathetic innervation and is the outer muscle in the iris

  dilator pupillae has parasympathetic innervation and is the outer muscle in the iris

69

Which statement is correct


  The central retinal artery runs in and supplies the optic nerve

  The anterior ciliary arteries supplies most of the photoreceptors

  The long posterior ciliary artery travels in choroid

  The choroid has 4 layers of blood vessels, and Choriocapillaris is the most important

70

Which statement is incorrect


  Orbicularis oculi and levator palebrae superioris are the muscles of the eyelid

  Cranial nerve CNIII supplies levator palebrae superioris

  Cranial nerve CNVII supplies orbicularis oculi

  Levator palpebrae superioris open the upper and lower eyelid

71

Which statement is not correct?


  The outer ear consist of the auricle and external acoustic meatus

  The acoustic meatus travels inferiorly, anteriorly and medially?

  The acoustic meatus is 2.5 cm long

  The acoustic meatus has an outer 2/3 made of cartilage and an inner 1/3 made of bone

72

Which statement is not correct?


  The Auriculotemporal nerve (V3) innervates the anterosuperior aspect of the outer ear

  The Auricular branch of the vagus nerve supplies and external tympanic membrane

  The outer tympanic membrane is made from semi transparent ectodermal connective tissue

  The inner tympanic membrane is an endodermal mucous membrane

73

Which statement is not correct


  The epitympanic recess is superior to the tympanic membrane and malleus in the middle ear

  The epitympanic recess communicates with mastoid air cells via hiatus in anterior wall

  The middle ear is in the petrous part of the temporal bone

  The eustachian tube is also known as the pharygotympanic tube

74

Which statement is incorrect?


  Malleus, incus and stapes are the 3 bones of the inner ear

  Chorda tympani of CNVII can be seen running laterally over incus?

  Tensor tympani inserts onto incus

  Stapedius is a tiny muscle inside the pyramidal eminence that pulls stapes posteriorly

75

Relative to the middle ear,


  the internal jugular vein is directly inferior and the internal carotid artery is in the anterior wall

  the internal jugular vein is directly superior and the internal carotid artery is in the anterior wall

  the internal carotid artery is directly inferior and the internal jugular vein is in the anterior wall

  the internal carotid artery is directly superior and the internal jugular vein is in the anterior wall

76

Which statement is incorrect?


  The bony labyrinth is a space in the petrous part of the temporal bone

  The bony labyrinth is a space filled with endolymph

  The membranous labyrinth suspended in the bony labyrinth

  The membranous labyrinth consist of 3 semicircular ducts, the utricle, the saccule, and the cochlea duct

77

Which of the following is not one of the semicircular ducts?


  anterior duct

  posterior duct

  horizontal duct

  vertical duct

78

Where in the petrous part of the temporal bone does CNVIII exit?


  posteromedial aspect

  anterolateral aspect

  posterolateral aspect

  anteromedial aspect

79

Which statement is incorrect


  The lower border of the mandible is the superior border of the anterior neck

  The manubrium of the sternum the inferior borders of the anterior neck

  The external occipital protuberance is the superior border of the posterior neck

  The intervertebral disc between C7 and T1 is the inferior border of the posterior neck

80

How many longitudinal compartments of the neck are there?


  three

  four

  five

  six

81

Which is not a recognized compartment of the neck?


  visceral compartment

  vertebral compartment

  vascular compartment

  vocal compartment

82

Which statement about platysma is incorrect?


  it is in the superficial fascia

  it blends with the muscles of facial expression superiorly

  it is innervated the cervical branch of CNVII

  it runs medially in the the neck

83

Which statement is incorrect?


  The investing fascia and prevertebral fascia of the deep fascia surround the cervical spine

  Sternocliedomastoid and trapezius are superficial to the investing fascia

  Most of the muscle mass in the neck is inside the prevertebral fascia

  Most of the muscle mass in the neck is posterior to the spinal cord

84

Which vein(s) does the superficial fascia contain?


  external jugular and anterior jugular

  external jugular only

  anterior jugular only

  neither external jugular or anterior jugular

85

What is not inside the carotid sheath


  common carotid artery

  internal carotid artery

  external jugular vein

  vagus nerve

86

What borders the anterior and posterior triangle?


  sternocliedomastoid

  inferior edge of the mandible

  trapezius

  clavicle

87

Where dies the common carotid generally bifurcate?


  level C2/C3

  level C3/C4

  level C4/C5

  level C5/C6

88

Which is not an anterior branch off the external carotid artery?


  facial artery

  lingual artery

  superior thyroid artery

  occipital artery

89

Which statement is correct?


  CN IX, CN?, CN I and CN II all enter the neck in the anterior triangle

  only CNIX and CNX enter the neck in the anterior triangle

  only CN I enters the neck in the posterior triangle

  CN IX, CN?, CN I and CN II all enter the neck in the posterior triangle

90

Which statement is incorrect?


  CNXII passes between the carotid artery and internal jugular vein

  CNXI supplies sternoclidomastoid

  CNXI supplies trapezius

  CNXI enters the posterior triangle of the neck

91

Which statement is most correct?


  the superior edge of the thyroid is the upper border of thyroid cartilage

  the isthmus connects the lobes of the thyroid

  the thyroid is enclosed by the pretracheal fascia

  all of the above

92

Which is not an obliquely oriented muscle of the posterior triangle?


  platysmus

  levator scapulae

  scalenus medius

  scalenus anterior

93

Which statement is correct?


  CN I runs on levator scapulae,

  CN I pierces sternocliedomastoid

  damage to CNXI results in a shoulder shrug palsy

  All of the above

94

Which answer about the cervical plexus is incorrect?


  the anterior cervical peripheral nerves form the cervical plexus

  the cervical plexus has superficial and deep branches

  the superficial branches are known as ansa cervicalis

  the phrenic nerve is supplied by the cervical plexus and runs on scalenus anterior

95

Which is incorrect?


  The posterior root of the spinal cord form the spinal nerve

  the anterior root of the spinal cord project into the intervertebral foraminae

  The anterior rami arises from the anterior root of the spinal cord

  The anterior and posterior roots of the spinal cord form the spinal nerve

96

Which of the following is not innervated by the recurrent meningeal branch?


  dura mater

  Anterior Longitudinal Ligament

  Posterior longitudinal ligament

  Annulus of the IV disc

97

Which of the following is not innervated by the posterior ramus


  Ligamentum Flavum

  Skin of the back

  intrinsic muscles of the back (deep compartment)

  zygopophyseal joints

98

Which is the most correct?


  All spinal levels contain a white ramus

  All spinal levels contain a white ramus, levels T1->L2 contain a grey ramus

  All spinal levels contain a grey ramus and a white ramus

  All spinal levels contain a grey ramus, levels T1-L2 contain a white ramus

99

Which statement is correct?


  White rami communicate with the anterior ramus, and contain myelinated preganglionic fibres

  White rami communicate with the sympathetic chain and contain myelinated preganglionic fibres

  Grey rami communicate with the anterior ramus and cointain non-myelinated postganglionic fibres

  Grey rami communicate with the sympathetic chain and contain myelinated


preganglionic fibres

100

Which statement is correct?


  The lumbar nerve roots exit through the foramen of the transverse process

  The lumbar nerve roots exit through the zygopophyseal joint space

  The lumbar nerve roots exit in the lower part of the intervertebral foramen

  The lumbar nerve roots exit in the upper part of the intervertebral foramen

101

Which statement is correct?


  The cauda equina arises in the thoracic spine

  The cauda equina is encapsulated by the lumbar cistern

  The cauda equina is superior to the medullary cone

  The cauda equina communicates with the inferior portion of the sympathetic chain

102

Which statement is correct?


  An L4/5 prolapse impinges on L4 because L4 is in the upper formina and the disc is in the lower part

  An L4/5 prolapse impinges on L4 because the posterior longitudinal ligament causes a posterolateral prolapse

  An L4/5 prolapse impinges on L5 because L4 is in the upper foramina, while the disc is in the lower part

  An L4/5 prolapse impinges on L5 because the anterior longitudinal ligmanet causes a posterolateral prolapse

103

Which statement is most correct, regarding general nerve compression?


  It causes decreased sensation and power and brisk reflexes

  It causes increased sensation, decrased power and reflexes

  It causes decreased power and brisk reflexes

  It causes decreased sensation, power and reflexes

104

Which statement is incorrect?


  The sensory neurons in for the olfactory system are located in the upper nasal cavity

  Olfactory bulb cells are called mitral cells

  Olfactory bulb cells do not communicate with contralateral olfactory structures

  Olfactory bulb cells synapse in the anterior temporal lobe

105

Which motor nerves to the eye go through the common tendonous ring?


  CN III and CN IV

  CN III and CN VI

  CN IV and CN VI

  CN III, IV and VI

106

Which motor nerves to the eye go through the annulus of zin?


  CN III and CN IV

  CN III and CN VI

  CN IV and CN VI

  CN III, IV and VI

107

Which statement is incorrect?


  CN III innervates both smooth muscle and skeletal muscle

  CN III innervates the levator pupebrae

  CN III innervates the ciliary muscle and the spincter pupillae

  CN III innervates the medial rectus, lateral rectus, inferior rectus and inferior oblique

108

Which statement is incorrect


  The cell bodies for the trigeminal nerve branches are located in the trigeminal ganglion

  The trigeminal ganglion is located in Meckel’s Cave

  The front and side of the nose to the tip gains it’s sensory innervation from CNV2

  the tensor tympani is innervated by CNV3

109

Which statement is incorrect?


  CNVII exits via the internal acoustic meatus

  CNVII gives off 3 branches before exiting through the stylomastoid foramen

  CNVII is responsible for dampening sounds from the branch to stapedius

  CNVII contributes to taste via the greater petrosal branch and lacrimation from the chorda tympani

110

Which branch of the facial nerve is not given off by the facial nerve after the stylomastoid foramen?


  Zygomatic

  Buccal

  Greater petrosal

  posterior auricular

111

Which statement is correct?


  The cell bodies for CNVIII are in the spiral ganglia

  The cell bodies for the facial nerve are located in the geniculate ganglion

  The cell bodies for the CNVIII vestibular component are located in the spiral ganglia

  All of the above

112

Where does CNIX receive sensory information from?


  The tongue

  middle ear

  Carotid body

  All of the above

113

Which statement is incorrect?


  The Vagus gives off 2 branches, the pharyngeal and laryngeal

  The sensory supply to the superior part of the larynx is the external laryngeal nerve

  the sensory supply to the inferior part of the larynx is the recurrent laryngeal nerve

  the motor supply to the inferior part of the larynx is the recurrent laryngeal nerve

114

Which statement is incorrect?


  The thyroid cartilage forms the adams apple

  The thyroid membrane is located between the hyoid bone and the thyroid cartilage

  The inferior horn of the thyroid cartilage articulates with the cricoid cartilage

  The thyroid cartilage is deficient anteriorly

115

Which statement is correct?


  The thyroid, cricoid and arytenoid are the 3 singular cartilages of the laryngeal skeleton

  The corniculate, cuneiform and the epiglottic are the 3 paired cartilages of the laryngeal skeleton

  The Cricoid is the only cartilage that completely encircles the airway

  The epiglottic cartilage attaches to the inferior pole of the thyroid

116

Which of the following statements regarding the vocal ligaments is incorrect?


  they attach to the vocal process of the arytenoids, superior to the attachment of the epiglottis

  they produce sound by vibrating against each other

  they form the superior border of the lateral cricothyroid ligament

  They are known as the true vocal cords

117

Which statement is correct?


  The quadrangular membrane connects the arytenoids with the epiglottis

  The inferior border of the quadrangular membrane is the aryepiglottic ligament

  The superior border of the quadrangular membrane is the vestibular ligaments

  All of the above

118

Which muscles abduct the vocal cords, adduct the vocal cords, relax the vocal folds, closes the rima glottis? (respectively)


  Lateral cricoarytenoids, posterior cricoarytenoids, transverse and oblique arytenoids, vocalis and thyroarytenoids

  Lateral cricoarytenoids, posterior cricoarytenoids, vocalis and thyroarytenoids, transverse and oblique arytenoids

  Posterior cricoarytenoids, lateral cricoarytenoids, transverse and oblique arytenoids, vocalis and thyroarytenoids

  Posterior cricoarytenoids, lateral cricoarytenoids, vocalis and thyroarytenoids, transverse and oblique arytenoids

119

Which statement is correct?


  The cricothyroid muscle tenses the vocal cords and is supplied by the internal laryngeal nerve

  The cricothyroid muscle tenses the vocal cords and is supplied by the external laryngeal nerve

  The cricothyroid muscle relaxes the vocal cords and is supplied by the internal laryngeal nerve

  The cricothyroid muscle relaxes the vocal cords and is supplied by the external laryngeal nerve

120

Which statement regarding the internal laryngeal nerve is correct?


  it pierces the omohyoid membrane

  it innervates the mucous membrane above the vocal cord

  it branches from the external laryngeal nerve

  its cell body is located adjacent to Schenten's ganglion

121

Which statement is correct?


  The sensory supply to the nasopharynx is from the vagus nerve

  The sensory supply to the oropharynx is from the glossopharyngeal nerve

  The sensory supply to the laryngopharynx is from the trigeminal nerve

  The sensory supply to Shenten's ganglion is from the facial nerve

122

Which statement is correct?


  The tensor veli palatini and the palatoglossis lift the soft palate

  The levator veli palatini and the palatopharyngeus lower the soft palate

  The tensor veli palatini and the palatoglossis lower the soft palate

  The levator veli palatini and the tensor veli palatini lift the soft palate

123

Which statement is correct?


  The tensor veli palatini is supplied by the vagus nerve

  The levator veli palatini is supplied by the vagus nerve

  The palatoglossis is supplied by the trigeminal nerve

  Mountain goat urine is commonly believed to be an potent aphrodisiac and is marketed by Nepalese monks, forming the backbone of the Nepal?s economy

124

Which of the following structures is the perineum not adherent to in the pelvis in females?


  top of the bladder

  the uterus

  the ovaries

  the rectum

125

Which statement is correct?


  The fundus of the bladder varies with volume and it is smooth

  The fundus of the bladder varies with volume and it is irregular

  The trigone of the bladder varies with volume and it is smooth

  The trigone of the bladder varies with volume and it is irregular

126

Which ligament/s anchor the bladder?


  Pubovesical and uterosacral ligaments

  Pubovesical and broad ligaments

  Pubovesical and retrovesical ligaments

  Pubovesical ligament

127

What is the size and shape of the normal prostate?


  pineapple size and shape

  chestnut size and shape

  apple size and shape

  pea size and shape

128

What is the most important ligament holding the cervix in place?


  Cardinal ligaments

  Uterosacral ligaments

  Broad ligaments

  Suspensory ligaments

129

Which statement is incorrect?


  The rectum begins at S3 (relative to the sacrum)

  The rectum lies in the sacral cavity

  The rectum is vascularized by a mesentery

  There are 3 rectal shelves, termed the shelves of Houston

130

What part of the rectum is responsible for storing faeces, and where is it located


  The transitional zone, located in the proximal rectum

  The transitional zone, located in the distal rectum

  The ampulla, located in the proximal rectum

  The ampulla, located in the distal rectum

131

Which of the following branches of the internal ileac arteries would not be found in women?


  Uterine

  Superior vesicle

  Vaginal

  Middle rectal