HP4 Lecture 11


Self-regulation is the extent to which people influence, modify or control complex aspects of their personal life according to their:


  Developmental changes


  Biological imperatives



Which ONE of the following is NOT a part of Erikson's Tripartite Ego Identity?


  Biological characteristics

  Social mileau

  Psychological needs


'Initiative vs Guilt' is the aspect of identity formation embedded in:



  Older adulthood



The Preschooler phase (3-6 years) is the stage where children start to balance their autonomy against social context - i.e. they can't 'have everything they want'.


The question 'what have I contributed?' is most closely associated with which stage of identity formation?

  Intimacy vs Isolation

  Integrity vs Despair

  Generativity vs Stagnation

  Identity vs Role Confusion

  Autonomy vs Doubt

A is incorrect: This is the young adulthood stage of identity formation (focusses on relationships, sharing identity). B is incorrect: This is the late adulthood stage of identity formation (focusses on satisfaction and resolution). C is correct: This is typically thought of as being the middle adulthood stage (20 - 40 years) of identity formation - it typically focusses on progression and contribution. D is incorrect: This is the adolescent stage of identity formation (transition from having identity defined by others to defined by self). E is incorrect: This is the toddlerhood stage of identity formation (focusses on starting to be able to do things by oneself).


Adolescence is not just about cognitive changes. In the context of Erikson's 'psychological needs' part of the ego, the adolescent identity crisis often includes:

  New sexual drives

  Consideration of 'which self' fits the individual best

  A rebellion against expectations and community roles

  Hormonal surges

  Reflection on whether their life has achieved a sense of resolution

A is incorrect: This is associated with the 'biological characteristics' ego part. B is correct: The psychological needs aspect of the adolescent identity crises often includes character confusion and the slow emergence of 'adult-like thinking' as the PFC matures. C is incorrect: This is associated with the 'social mileau' ego part. D is incorrect: Also associated with the 'biological characteristics' ego part. E is incorrect: This question is more characteristic of late adulthood identity formation.


You are talking to a friend who says 'I have no idea who or what I am. I guess I've still got time to figure it out. I'd really like to go to backpacking in Europe and kick around there for a while to see what it's like. Maybe I could move to England." They are best described by which of Marcia's 'identity statuses'?


  Identity diffusion


  Active Participation

  Identity Achievement

They are unsure who they are (-commitment) but demonstrate a need to find out, along with a possible plan (+crisis), placing them in Moratorium quadrant of Marcia's identity experience grid.


Which ONE of the following statements about identity formation is INCORRECT?

  Vocational decision making consists of three successive stages, in order fantasy, realistic and tentative

  Exploration and commitment are important in choosing career choices in line with personal needs

  Choice of vocation influences almost every aspect of life

  Medicine is stressful

  Much of the research in identity formation may only be applicable to western culture

The order should be fantasy (seen in children - more exposure than interest based), tentative (after e.g. developing an idea of talents and skills) and realistic (squaring of skills and opportunities with individual needs and circumstances).